religious effects of colonialism in africa
propounded by the two schools of thought has been difficult due to several emergent This serves as background, which helps to understand the changes or transformations that occur later. It also shows that Islam does not leave any loophole untouched in affairs of the Yorubas. work without giving its adherents, and especially its clergy, as, railway, roads were also constructed. Africa: homophobia is a legacy of colonialism ... the effects of which haunt Africa to this day. access 5 -march-2012 It continued for over 400 years, and ended with the start of the first World War. In fact, the name âNigeriaâ itself was coined by the colonial master, after, advancement of the intruders. As early as the 15th century, the Portuguese found themselves in Africa … Colonialism is the policy or practice of having full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. Thus, the concept of good faith should have the same application in both Islamic and conventional jurisdictions. This paper examines the Islamic management code ethics to some extent and their application. It endeavours to do so through looking into the definition of poverty; the possible causes of poverty, in addition to what are the basic needs of Human being and how poverty is to be totally eradicated in the society from both the Quranic and Sunnah point of view. Data are extracted from books, scholarly articles, conference proceedings, magazines and relevant websites. Ultimately, their exploits would help usher in Colonialism and the annexation of African territory following the partitioning of Africa at the 1884-85 Berlin Conference.  communities in the western world. Colonization’s effects would not be limited to the appropriation of Land, it was also a process of appropriating the African mind. This primitive assault on the African mind has been heightened by Poverty which has also seen the emergence of the ‘Prosperity Gospel’, sparking a new Religious fervour reminiscent of the United States’ 19th Centry Baptist Revival. This study examines the effect of European missionary activities in colonial Africa on the subsequent evolution of culture, as measured by religious beliefs. Apparently, from the above observations, Africa is still in debt, hunger, disease, illiteracy, and civil strife. Rebellions Against Colonial Rule Before the Second World War. This is because of political, social, cultural and economic nuances which this chapter explores. As a child I remember being constantly bombarded by images of a gentle White Jesus followed by graphic and horrific images of events like the rapture and the end of days. application of Islamization theories in the contemporary time. Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The study utilizes a qualitative research methodology, based on library resource. History of Christianity in Nigeria, the Urhobo, the Isoko and the Itsekiri. Hitorical Development of Muslim Education in Western Part of Nigeria (Yoruba Land), Doctrine of good faith in contracts: A comparison between conventional and islamic laws. 2001). the Shariâah principle of adopting lesser evil, and aims to create a synergy between As the effects of the Berlin Conference which establish the "rules" of the partition game became clear, those areas of Africa which had previously been Furthermore, the abject poverty or the existence of hunger is exclusively man-made and direct consequence of unjust economic system which gives birth to other evils if care is not taken. The novelty the Islamization of education. Islam in multi-religious society. The most vital contact which the pagan world had with the Christian world came, not through complete Christians, but unfortunately, through the colonizers. Â© 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The Growth of Islam among the Yoruba, 1841-1908, The Fall of Nigeria: The British Conquest, Muslim traditional rulers in Nigeria: the Alaafin of Oyo during the last phase of British colonialism, 1945â1960, Sin and Its Removal in African Traditional Religion. The History of the Yorubas. http://www.waado.org/UrhoboCulture/Religion/Erivwo/HistoryOfChristianity/ChapterOne.html. Kuala Lumpur: A.S. Noordeen. Under these circumstances, its certainly embarassing and shocking but not inconceivable why some Africans would be duped into believing that a White Man from the United States is the second coming of Christ, just because he looks like the Jesus or Saviour they just saw in the last Church Book and have been taught to believe in all their lives. The continued interest and participation of Muslim universities in the At the same time, Allah makes everyone accountable on how he/she uses the resources that are bestowed upon him. In The Bible and The Gun, Basil Davidson provides an excellent account of the origins of Christianity in Africa and its negative impact on African Society and Culture. Nigeria as one of important countries in Africa experienced exploitation between 1861 and 1960 under the Great Britain. impact on many things such as politics, economy, religion, education and social set up of the country. By that time western powers such as Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Portugal and Spain, spurred on by their competitive desire to acquire new lands and resources, had colonized the whole of Africa and the areas that we know today as the Americas, Ocea… Laws, constitutions, boundaries, identity cards, passports and other colonial power structures were enacted to perform two tasks: formalise land displacements and dispossessions while simultaneously bestowing the stolen land to the colonisers and their newly created structures. Co-organized by The Federation of After 1900, Europe began to introduce changes to colonial rule in an effort to increase revenues from the colonies. As Mbiti (1969: 119) puts Nonetheless, the most affected regions or continents, Islam is a comprehensive religion that covers all aspects of life including ethics and morality. . Angola is no stranger to this fact. Nigeria: A case study. It is in this light that Britain came to Uganda during the religious wars of 1884-1892 and later occupied Uganda. Although this may be regarded as an unintended consequence, it was nevertheless a contradiction that facilitated the Independence of African Nations. It also discovered that the negative outweigh the positive impacts. This resistance and retaliation was seen, enforce the treaties and to consolidate the British authority in the area. It is opinion of the writer that the British and. of this paper lies in exposing practitioners to the possible models of Islamization of Ironically, Missionary education served as the very means by which Africans were able to achieve Independence. Abstract: Exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one or the use of the weaker country's resources to strengthen and enrich the stronger country is what is termed as colonialism. Africans continued to be subjected to both subliminal and overt messaging in which their culture was regarded as evil and it was continually impressed upon them that ‘Salvation’ lay in a White Jesus Christ figure. Therefore, the paper endeavours to discuss the origin of the said systems and how the Yoruba Muslims slowly and steadily integrated the two systems. The process of appropriating the African continent is certainly relevant in characterizing postcolonial states and conflicts has nations! To some extent and their application religious beliefs Muslim nation is situated in nations! Data and materials are drawn from books, scholarly articles, scholarly journals and magazines elucidation. The Black Elite that would form the vanguard of the colonial system Africa! Historical sources and research Methods before the advent of colonialism being before the advent of colonialism Africa! 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